Present in a variety of colors, yet the blue sapphire preserves the greatest splendor and fame.
A symbol of faith and purity, the sapphire is a variety of corundum and owes its color to traces of iron and titanium. The Ancient Greeks associated it with the Air element while in ancient Rome the gem was dedicated to the god of the sea, Neptune. Avicenna, the great Arab physician, described it as the “stone of stones”. Its name derives from the Greek sappheiros which means blue, while in the Sanipriya sanskrit it was described as a precious gem ‘sacred to Saturn’, in fact, according to Hindu astrology sapphire is the stone of Saturn. Its celestial color has always been linked to spirituality.
The Persians believed it was thanks to sapphires that the sky was blue, whereas in the Bible there are various references to the stone. In the book of Exodus it is written: They saw the God of Israel, and under his feet there was something like a sapphire stone pavement (00:10), while in Revelation the second of the 12 foundations of New Jerusalem was Sapphire and in the Book of Ezekiel (28: 13-16) it is one of the gems that adorned the mantle of the King of Tyre. Some current mystical magic of Christianity associates the sapphire with the Guardian Angel Verchiele and Paul the disciple. According to Greek mythology the September birth gemstone was carried for the first time by Prometheus.
It is said that on the same occasion in which he “borrowed” fire, he also took possession of a Blue Sapphire. St. Hildegard writes that the sapphire “shows the great love of wisdom”, recommending its use for eye problems, in the development of good intellectual ability and a deep and solid knowledge, as well as to appease anger. It has always been a noble gem, linked to emotions such as sympathy, friendship, and serenity. Today the sapphire is often used to embellish an engagement ring because it symbolizes loyalty and faithfulness, yet at the same time expresses love and desire.
The sapphire is a gemstone of many virtues. In order to feel its benefit, it is not necessary to buy a jewel, using a rough stone is sufficient. Despite being cheaper, it still possesses the same qualities as a precious gemstone. Common belief has it that the more brilliant and significant the stone, the more powerful are its virtues and that the wearer will receive useful predictions about the future. It is applied along the trigeminal pathway to alleviate inflammation and pain. While placed on the forehead, it clears the mind of thoughts, reassures, eliminates depression and dispersion, as well as being useful for headaches of nervous origin. Associated with the Throat Chakra, it prevents inflammation, induces equilibrium and can alleviate a fever. Placed on the lower back, hip and lower limbs calms sciatica. On the abdomen it cures intestinal inflammation and reduces stomach pains. Sapphires preferable for therapeutic purposes are those coloured light blue or deep sky blue, and especially in cases of depression, very dark sapphires without shine should be avoided. The starry (asteria) variety is used in meditation. Ayurveda also recommends the sapphire against colds, rheumatism, and in finding peace and serenity, promoting good will and increasing spiritually.
Chemical characteristics: al2o3
Colour: All except red
Refraction: 1,762 to 1,770
Birefringence: 0.008 To 0.010
3 REASONS TO LOVE IT
The engagement ring given to Kate
Middleton by Prince William is a precious
family ring that once belonged to Princess
Diana. The very beautiful and famous ring
in 18-carat white gold, features a 12-carat
oval blue sapphire studded with 14 round
diamonds, and is worth 45,000 dollars.
Charlemagne chose it for his gold pendant
containing a piece of the true Cross of
Christ: the precious jewel is now preserved
in the Cathedral of Reims, France.